According to Point 15, Part 1, Article 9 of Federal Law #212 dated July 24, 2009, foreigners temporarily residing in Russia are not subject to such insurance contributions.
Foreigners’ residency is regulated by Federal Law #115 dated July, 27, 2002. It states only those foreigners with permanent residency permits are recognized as permanently residing in Russia.
Individuals arriving with or without a visa or who have temporary residence permits, are treated as foreign citizens temporarily residing in Russia.
Thus, only foreigners with permanent residency are subject to mandatory social insurance contributions in connection with temporary disability, childbirth, or other benefits according to employment contracts.